“We tried to, but life gets in the way”: The Value of Cognitive Interviewing for Testing a Questionnaire on Antibiotic Consumption Behaviours.
In this article, available as an unrefereed preprint, I present and discuss the cognitive interviewing I conducted to test the questionnaire instrument for my primary survey research as part of my doctoral research.
The overarching argument of the article is that cognitive interviewing is a valuable method for testing questionnaires about antibiotic-related behaviours before they are used in survey researches. This argument is illustrated with findings regarding socially desirable responding (an issue where respondents choose what they believe to be a socially desirable response rather than the response that best reflects their behaviour or attitude), differences in the extent of recollection problems in human- and pet-related antibiotic use, and the depth of supplemental data generated around otherwise dimension-reduced survey questions.
The argument is also illustrated by a discussion of examples of cognitive interviewing in settings where antibiotics have been part of survey questions (for example, in blood donor screening questionnaires) that highlight the situatedness of antibiotic-related question comprehension and the consequent necessity of detailed qualitative testing of survey instruments.
The cognitive interviewing approach is linked in the article to the broader mixed-methods approach of my doctoral work, highlighting with examples the ways in which this method can act as a bridge between quantitative and qualitative strands of work.