Published Research

To date, I have two published peer-reviewed articles.

“Online health information and public knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours regarding antibiotics in the UK”

The first of these, published in PLoS ONE in 2018, presents parallel analyses of the Wellcome Monitor (Wave 3) and Eurobarometer (85.1) survey datasets aiming to investigate whether use and trust in online health information was associated with behaviour with, attitudes towards, or knowledge about appropriate antibiotic use. The article shows that, independent of a variety of demographic factors common to both datasets, use and trust in online health information is cross-sectionally independently positively associated with behaviour, attitude, and knowledge outcome variables.

“Analysing Incompliant Attitudes Towards Antibiotic Prescription Completion in the UK”

The second article, published in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy in 2020, presents an analysis of two combined waves of the Eurobarometer (85.1 and 90.1) examining the relative importance of a selection of candidate variables to the explanation of variation in incompliance attitudes towards prescription completion in the UK public. The article argues that there are several areas that have been neglected in survey researches of antibiotic-related behaviour and attitudes, including the influence of local and regional geography, individual political orientation, and survey mode on respondents’ reported attitudes.

“We tried to, but life gets in the way”: The Value of Cognitive Interviewing for Testing a Questionnaire on Antibiotic Consumption Behaviours.

I also have two unrefereed open-access preprints available on SocArXiv. In this article, I present and discuss the cognitive interviewing I conducted to test the questionnaire instrument for my primary survey research as part of my doctoral research project.

The overarching argument of the article is that cognitive interviewing is a valuable method for testing questionnaires about antibiotic-related behaviours before they are used in survey researches. This argument is illustrated with findings regarding socially desirable responding (an issue where respondents choose what they believe to be a socially desirable response rather than the response that best reflects their behaviour or attitude), differences in the extent of recollection problems in human- and pet-related antibiotic use, and the depth of supplemental data generated around otherwise dimension-reduced survey questions.

The argument is also illustrated by a discussion of examples of cognitive interviewing in settings where antibiotics have been part of survey questions (for example, in blood donor screening questionnaires) that highlight the situatedness of antibiotic-related question comprehension and the consequent necessity of detailed qualitative testing of survey instruments.

The cognitive interviewing approach is linked in the article to the broader mixed-methods approach of my doctoral work, highlighting with examples the ways in which this method can act as a bridge between quantitative and qualitative strands of work.

Knowledge about antibiotics and attitudes towards vaccination: Regression analysis of Wellcome Monitor survey data.

In this article, I present and discuss an analysis of the Wellcome Monitor Wave 4 survey dataset. I argue that perceptions of the risk of side-effects from vaccination correlate in the British population with public understandings of the role of antibiotics in treating infections. This correlation is suggestive of a common population for whom linked public health interventions may be beneficial on these society-spanning health topics.

However, this is only a starting point. Survey data is a limiting format when considering concepts as complex as vaccine-related risk. Research is needed to understand the nature of this association and identify areas of public understanding that are not exclusive to specific health interventions but that may be targeted to improve responsiveness to vaccine-and antibiotic-related public health interventions.

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